Sears Ethical Issues


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Sacred Places: American Tourist Attractions in the Nineteenth Century

List price: $25.95
Price: $23.40

Editorial Reviews

Tourism emerged as an important cultural activity in the United States in the 1820s as steamboats and canals allowed for greater mobility and the nation's writers and artists focused their attention on American scenery. From the 1820s until well after the Civil War, American artists, like Thomas Cole and Frederic Church, depicted American tourist attractions in their work, and often made their reputations on those paintings. Writers like Irving, Cooper, Hawthorne, and James described their visits to the same attractions or incorporated them into their fiction. The work of these artists and writers conferred value on the scenes represented and helped shape the vision of the tourists who visited them. This interest in scenery permeated the work of both serious and popular writers and artists, and they produced thousands of images and descriptions of America's tourist attractions for the numerous guidebooks, magazines, and other publications devoted to travel in the United States during the period.

Drawing on this fascinating body of material, Sacred Places examines the vital role which tourism played in fulfilling the cultural needs of nineteenth-century Americans. America was a new country in search of a national identity. Educated Americans desperately wished to meet European standards of culture and, at the same time, to develop a distinctly American literature and art. Tourism offered a means of defining America as a place and taking pride in the special features of its landscape. The country's magnificent natural wonders were a substitute for the cathedrals and monuments, the sense of history that Europe had built over the centuries. Moreover, Sears argues, tourist attractions like Mammoth Cave, Mount Auburn Cemetery, Yosemite, and Yellowstone functioned as sacred places for a nation with a diversity of religious sects and without ancient religious and national shrines. For nineteenth-century Americans, whose vision was shaped by the aesthetics of the sublime and the picturesque and by the popular nineteenth-century Romantic view of nature as temple, such places fulfilled their urgent need for cultural monuments and for places to visit which transcended ordinary reality.

But these nineteenth-century tourist attractions were also arenas of consumption. Niagara Falls was the most sublime of God's creations, a sacred place, which, like Mount Auburn Cemetery, was supposed to have a profound moral effect on the spectator. But it was also an emporium of culture where the tourist shopped for Niagara's wonders and for little replicas of the Falls in the form of souvenirs. In Sacred Places, Sears describes how this strange, sometimes amusing, juxtaposition of the mythic and the trivial, the sacred and the profane, the spiritual and the commercial remained a significant feature of American tourist attractions even after efforts were made at Yosemite, Yellowstone, and Niagara Falls to curb commercial and industrial intrusions.

Sears also explores how the nineteenth-century idealization of home stimulated the tourists' response to such places as the Willey House in the White Mountains, the rural cemeteries, and even the newly established asylums for the deaf, dumb, blind, and insane. And, in an intriguing account of Mauch Chunk, Pennsylvania, he examines the reasons why an important nineteenth-century anthracite transportation center was also a major tourist attraction.

Most of the attractions discussed in this book are still visited by millions of Americans. By illuminating their cultural meaning, Sacred Places prompts us to reflect on our own motivations and responses as tourists and reveals why tourism was and still is such an important part of American life.

Diversity Challenge, The: Social Identity and Intergroup Relations on the College Campus

Price: $24.95

Editorial Reviews

College campuses provide ideal natural settings for studying diversity: they allow us to see what happens when students of all different backgrounds sit side by side in classrooms, live together in residence halls, and interact in one social space. By opening a window onto the experiences and evolving identities of individuals in these exceptionally diverse environments, we can gain a better understanding of the possibilities and challenges we face as a multicultural nation. The Diversity Challenge—the largest and most comprehensive study to date on college campus diversity—synthesizes over five years’ worth of research by an interdisciplinary team of experts to explore how a highly diverse environment and policies that promote cultural diversity affect social relations, identity formation, and a variety of racial and political attitudes. The result is a fascinating case study of the ways in which individuals grow and groups interact in a world where ethnic and racial difference is the norm.

The authors of The Diversity Challenge followed 2,000 UCLA students for five years in order to see how diversity affects identities, attitudes, and group conflicts over time. They found that racial prejudice generally decreased with exposure to the ethnically diverse college environment. Students who were randomly assigned to roommates of a different ethnicity developed more favorable attitudes toward students of different backgrounds, and the same associations held for friendship and dating patterns. By contrast, students who interacted mainly with others of similar backgrounds were more likely to exhibit bias toward others and perceive discrimination against their group. Likewise, the authors found that involvement in ethnically segregated student organizations sharpened perceptions of discrimination and aggravated conflict between groups. The Diversity Challenge also reports compelling new evidence that a strong ethnic identity can coexist with a larger community identity: students from all ethnic groups were equally likely to identify themselves as a part of the broader UCLA community. Overall, the authors note that on many measures, the racial and political attitudes of the students were remarkably consistent throughout the five year study. But the transformations that did take place provide us with a wealth of information on how diversity affects individuals, groups, and the cohesion of a community.

Theoretically informed and empirically grounded, The Diversity Challenge is an illuminating and provocative portrait of one of the most diverse college campuses in the nation. The story of multicultural UCLA has significant and far-reaching implications for our nation, as we face similar challenges—and opportunities—on a much larger scale.

Overcoming Heterosexism and Homophobia

List price: $35.00
Price: $16.95

Editorial Reviews

This text provides ideas and strategies for affirming diversity and overcoming heterosexism and homophobia in a wide variety of settings, such as education, politics, the media and the helping profession. Providing strategies for educators, counsellors, community activists and leaders and those in the gay and lesbian communities, it is organized into four sections: Foundational Issues - an overview of heterosexism and homophobia and a multicultural perspective on communication; Working within Communities - Ethnic Groups and Family Members; Working with Students; Working in Professional Training Programs; and Working within Institutions. Role-playing exercises, methods of coming out and outlines for workshops are also included.


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Latest news about Sears Ethical Issues

  • How did famous US brands end up in deadly sweat shop?

    Retailers and marketers whose clothes were found in the embers, including Wal-Mart, Sears and Disney, are carefully vague in explaining why that was the case. brands and factories and their job is really to just take technical specifications on an
    Source: http://www.fosters.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID%3D/20121223/GJBUSINESS_01/121229697/-1/FOSBUSINESS

  • Tense exchanges mark day four of DeMocker document hearing

    and that he was doing research on another aspect of the case and didn't read the documents at issue. After lengthy questioning, Superior Court Judge Gary Donahoe said the question of ethics was not the primary question to be dealt with in the hearing.
    Source: http://www.dcourier.com/main.asp?SectionID%3D1%26SubSectionID%3D1%26ArticleID%3D113916

  • David Vs. Goliath – Stealing Innovation

    Brown and his lawyer think they have a good case against Sears, but it could take years to litigate. More importantly, Sears has the resources to drag out the lawsuit and make it very expensive for Brown's company. There is also the problem of the cost
    Source: http://www.manufacturing.net/articles/2012/12/david-vs-goliath-%25E2%2580%2593-stealing-innovation

  • From Triangle to Tazreen: A Century of Lessons

    Other giants like the Gap, H&M, Disney, Sears, and PVH (Tommy Hilfinger, Calvin Klein et al) all source their goods from Bangladesh suppliers. On a truly Orwellian note, it was the company's Director of Ethical Sourcing who nixed the deal
    Source: http://www.csrwire.com/blog/posts/641-from-triangle-to-tazreen-a-century-of-lessons

  • The Shopping Ethicist: In Search of a Feminist Boutique

    Just a week ago, a fire broke out at a garment factory in Bangladesh that made clothes for suppliers to Wal-Mart, Sean Combs, and Sears; 112 workers were killed. At the time of the blaze, doors to the factory were Awful, even deadly workplace
    Source: http://nymag.com/thecut/2012/12/shopping-ethicist-a-feminist-boutique.html


RSS Sears Ethical Issues Online

    Times Free Press readers share their favorite Christmas tree ornaments

    Last Christmas, Bettye was having some health issues and didn't feel like putting up a Christmas ... dressing up for dinner with a red bow in my hair, perusing the Sears catalog for an Easy Bake Oven and the unconditional love of a grandmother.
    Source: http://www.timesfreepress.com/news/2012/dec/23/times-free-press-readers-share-their-favorite-chri/

    OCD and ADHD Look the Same but Diagnosing Them Incorrectly Can Worsen Symptoms, Experts Say

    Based on the information from their study, which was published in Journal of Neuropsychology, researchers said that while both ADHD and OCD sufferers are likely to display inattentiveness, impaired memory and behavior control issues, but the ...
    Source: http://www.growingyourbaby.com/2012/12/22/ocd-and-adhd-look-the-same-but-diagnosing-them-incorrectly-can-worsen-symptoms-experts-say/

    RIM service fee plans end 3-month stock rally

    Research In Motion’s decision to scrap service fees for some users is threatening its most profitable source of revenue and bringing its three-month stock rally to a halt. Subscribers who want enhanced services, including advanced security ...
    Source: http://www.theolympian.com/2012/12/22/2362041/rim-service-fee-plans-end-3-month.html

    UPDATED Former U.S. Marine from Miami to be released from Mexican prison

    Hammar had been told by U.S. authorities he could declare a six-decades-old .410 bore Sears & Roebuck shotgun at the border. The firearm is suitable for shooting rabbits and birds. But Mexican authorities dismissed Hammar’s U.S. registration papers for ...
    Source: http://miamiherald.typepad.com/nakedpolitics/2012/12/former-us-marine-from-miami-to-be-released-from-mexican-prison-congresswoman-says.html?cid=6a00d83451b26169e2017ee67dd0a8970d

    Three-time Olympian reveals double life as Vegas escort

    Struggling in her marriage and mired in depression, three-time Olympian Suzy Favor Hamilton coped by turning to a life of prostitution, working for an escort service based in Las Vegas. "I do not expect people to understand," Favor Hamilton ...
    Source: http://www.komonews.com/sports/Three-time-Olympian-reveals-double-life-as-Vegas-escort-184311031.html

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